Buy Drones in India! Drone Legality in India (2018). DGCA, WPC, Customs New Rules & Regulations

Subscribe to my channel virooo and hit the bell notification icon to get the latest updates If you love the videos please don't forget to hit the like button and share them with your friends and also leave your feedback in the comments section below Additionally you may also follow me on some of the major social media sites online of which links are mentioned in the description below Activate Closed Captions & use Subtitles Translator for subtitles in your regional language Hello friends! Viraj Hegde & there is a good news Drones will now be legal in India Thanks to this gentleman, our Honorable Civil Aviation Minister who presented a civil aviation requirement draft last week In this video we will have a look at what this draft hold for civilians like you and me So lets roll Disclaimer Alert! Points mentioned in this video are my personal interpretation of the CAR presented by the government It may not be 100% accurate So please pardon me So before we start Lets have a look at the existing scenario of drones in India Years 2016 & 2017 have been years of speculations when it comes to buying importing and selling of drones on Indian soils There have been tons of questions floating around the Internet regarding this issue Lots of videos by youtubers with unclear answers The next couple of slides would actually would try addressing these questions So the most common question is whether importing drones in India is banned in the first place

The answer to this question is unclear Yes it is banned if you get caught No it is not banned if you dont get caught What happens here is that the Govt of India has appointed a specialized wing called the Wireless Planning & Co-ordination wing who is responsible to monitor imports of any kind of products or toys that actually work on radio frequency platform What WPC further has done is sent a simple notice to the custom department to detain each and every product that is being imported to India which uses a wireless technology Customs as an obedient organization follows the WPC norms In order to actually authorize the customs to ship this detained parcel you would need to present an Equipment Type Approval or a license which is again issues by the WPC Now the funny thing is WPC or the ETA license is not perpetual So you need to pay Rs 10,000 per license per model per piece

Si if I am importing DJI Spark tomorrow I will need an ETA licence worth Rs 10,000/- and I can use it only once Its not perpetual So next time if I am importing the same model from the same seller I will have to pay Rs 10,000/- again to WPC So as you see its very difficult for a common man to import wireless products or drones in India So next time you blame the Customs Dept of being lethargic think twice its not the customs you need to plame it is the WPC Let me show you some example This screenshot was actually taken from India Post website wherein you can see a drone was ordered from Singapore which got stuck in the customs but was eventually delivered to the end customer but in this example the second slide the same drone was ordered next month, it got stuck in the customs and a show cause notice was sent to the end customer asking for the WPC approval

So all this thing works on case to case basis There is random sampling random inspection at the customs premises So if you dont get caught you are just lucky there is no change in the legality of imports That brings us to the second most frequently asked question Is buying and selling of drones banned in India? Again The answer is unclear WPC has the authority to actions against Non ETA licensed wireless product sellers It has already sen notices to various E-Commerce websites to delist these products that they have listed on their websites But as you know a Govt is a Macro entity It has a nation to run So these are trivial issues and actions have not been taken yet But that doesn't mean its legal to buy or dell drones in India Third most frequently asked question Is flying drones banned in India

Bad news is, Yes flying drones is banned in India It wasnt banned until mid 2016, when some idiots managed to fly their drones inside the controlled air space You must have heard of the incidents where the pilots spotted some drones in the controlled air space and due to these sporadic incidents the govt put a blanket ban on anything and everything that is electronic in nature and flies in the Indian air space and doesn't have any pilot boarded on it Balloons included So thats the answer for your questions Coming to the most interesting part The Civil Aviation Requirement or the CAR that was issues by our honorable Civial Aviations Minister couple of days back and is open for receiving feedback from the corporates and general public till 1st Dec 2017 So all this legality surrounding the buying, importing or flying of drone is covered under this draft this video would mainly focus on the legal points that have been presented in this draft So nost probably by the first week of Jan 2018 we will be receiving a final guide book about drones which would be based upon this CAR draft and we would be good to go For time being lets have a look at what this draft actually focuses on Usually drones are classified on basis of their usage drones which are used by civilians ie: general public drones used for commercial purposes and drones used by the Govt

or their agencies Then there are drones that are used in the controlled air space that is by the govt and the military agencies and drones used in the uncontrolled air space mostly used by general public In this CAR the drones have been classified on basis of their weight into Nano, Micro, Mini, Small & Large This Video would specifically focus on drones which are used by civillians in the uncontrolled air space and focus on the nano and micro segments as I feel these two segments would be the most demanded segment or segments where lots of action will take place in 2018 There are different terminologies when it come to weight of a flying object In this CAR, maximum take off weight has been considered in order to classify the drones this is nothing but the raw weight of the drone without any accessories or payload Drones which weigh below 250 grams fall under the Nano category So all those cheap chines quad-copters would fall in this category Unfortunately your DJI Spark would fall in the Micro category as it weighs about 300 grams if I am not wrong Micro drones are the drones which have the maximum take off weight in between 250 grams and 2 kilograms Mini drones fall between 2 Kgs and 25 Kgs So the DJI Inspire and all those commercial drones would fall in this category Strangely drones classified as small would fall under the 25 Kgs to 150 Kgs category Its a bit strange to call them Small drones but thats how the govt

classifies it Any kind of military or commercial drone may fall under small and large category thats what i feel You can have a look at the abbreviations by pausing the video as these will be used frequently in the next couple of slides This CAR has been divided on basis of its content into subsections and my slides are based upon this subsection deals with applicability of this draft The first point is that the rules mentioned in this draft dont apply to manufacturing of drones For manufacturing drones you would need to other licences and permissions from the government Any kind of autonomous aircrafts are strictly prohibited which just means you need to fly your drones within your vision ie: not let drones go out of your sight Third obvious point is that if you want to fly your drone in the controlled air space you need permissions from the National & Local authorities Fourth point is its always advisable to inform the local police about the flight plans of your drones this rule may not apply for the Nano drones for all other drones this rule is applicable

So the next subsection deals with unique identification number and unmanned aircraft operator permit UIN is nothing but pretty similar to the RTO approved number plated that you fix on your automobiles UAOP is similar to the driving license that the RTO issues for you to operate your automobile Good news is Nano drone wont require a UIN Subject to flight intent of upto 50 feets above ground level Thats fine as I feel that the Nano drones will never fly above 50 feets Micro drones on the other hand are not exempt from UIN but are exempt from UAOP upto 200 feet So DJI Spark and Mavic users can rejoice on this All other drones would require UIN and UAOP on compulsory basis The next subsection deals with an important matter that is the safety of both the flier as well as public Any kind of loss, incident or accident your drone faces needs to be informed to your local police DGCA & BCAS You wont be able to sell your drones to anyone without the DGCA permissions So all those second hand drone sellers on OLX beware! Fourth point is something which is very interesting and i would take some time to focus on these As these are the points you need to know before the purchase of a drone People who are in the drone industry or familiar with the flying of drones, this is common sense for them But for general public let me explain these points

Now fireproof Identification plate is nothing but the number plate on which you would be inscribing the UIN and other details that are necessary for someone to track your drone when you loose it GPS again a very useful function for tracking drones and flight plans Return to Home is an important feature ie: when you loose control of your drone it will automatically return to the ground station Flash strobe is nothing but LED flash light indicators that many drones come with but if a drone doesnt have it, you would need to fix a flashing strobe on it RFID & GSM SIM for app based tracking Command your drones with codes from cell phones Geo Fencing, Collision Avoidance, SSR transponder are technical features would be required for drones flying above 200feets Nano & Micro drone fliers may not bother about these Barometer strangely is also included for drones flying above 200 feet As barometer is used widely even in Nano and Micro drones widely for Altitude hold function Pretty common sensor Its very important to have a list of all these features before you buy your drone once you apply for UIN you need all these features present on your drone It shouldn't happen that you purchase your drone and then while applying for a UIN you realize that all these features were not on your checklist the next section deals with maintenance, insurance & training of the remote pilots For nano and micro drones the govt

is solely relying upon the user for self inspection & self policing You don't need to maintain any records of servicing for Nano & Micro drones, but for other drones you will need to maintain service records So that whenever any Govt agency demands for it you can present it At least, third party insurance is compulsory, pretty similar to automobiles where you need to insure your vehicles here you need to insure your drone also This would help cover the damages caused by your drone to someone else not covering you or your drone in person For Training purposes Nano and Micro drones are exempt you can use your youtube videos & tutorials to learn how to fly drones Govt is relying on your awareness & judgement For other drones you need to attend a certified training program where you would be trained and certified for flying these drones You can find more details in the CAR I wont be going into those details in these slide as we are dealing with the Nano & Micro Segments Moving on to next slide, Operations of these drones As usual Airport Authority of India & Air Force will monitor drone movements Nano & Micro drones operating up-to 50 feet above ground level wont need a flight plan submission as such or even obtain an Air Defense Clearance The weather should be clear when you fly your drones there should be no Rains, no Hailstorms or Snowfalls and wind velocity should be below 10 knots That something which you need to keep track of Many drones provide these information barring most of the Nano drones Fourth point is One peroson can fly only one drone that is you cant multi task all those racing drone enthusiasts need to take note of this Next Section deals with legal obligation of flying these drones Abiding to the rules of this CAR wouldnt give you a unconditional permission to fly drone anywhere you wish to if you are flying a drone in the private property of someone then the owner has the right to take leagal actions against you State Law & National Laws are applicable Any Govt

Authority has the right to inform the local authorities that you are breaching the provisions of this CAR Anyone from the Govt authority can take legal actions against you That sums all the subsections of this CAR draft I will be including a direct link to the DGCA website from where you can download the CAR draft pdf The next slide deals with purchase process of a UIN based drone which I came up with so that it can serve as a reference for all those enthusiasts to buy DJI Spark or Mavic First Step Select a drone of your choice online or offline Second step, ask the manufacturers or seller to share the Drone Manuals &Technical Sheets of the drone selected In third step you will need all these manuals and sheets to be submitted to DGCA along with the requisite fees Fees have not yet been decided that may be share in future by DGCA In fourth step DGCA DGCA will evaluate your application & grant an Import Clearance permission on case to case basis In the fifth step Import Clearence Permission from the DGCA will be forwarded to DGFT DGFT will provide you an import licence On basis of this Import License you would be able to order your drone You may choose to scan and mail these documents and licences to the seller in advance so that he can attach copies of these on your parcel or wait till you parcel gets stuck in customs and then present your licenses to the customs and then get your parcel cleared Lastly pay the custom duty and receive your drone This is what i predict would be an ideal purchase process once this CAR gets implemented post January 1st 2018 After watching this video we now know what situation of the drone in India was in the past, what it is in the present and how it will shape up in the future But while creating this presentation there were some question that cropped up which didnt have clear answers that I would be discussing in the next two slides First question is why not classify drones on basis of their payload carrying capcity We all know That electronic items tend to get smaller in size day by day without affecting the actual ability of these items to perform a given task Same applies to drones

its not hard to predict smaller drones with larger payload capacity in near future So why not prepare well in advance Second Question is whether UAO permit is required for outdoor operations of Nano drones Now this question came in my mind when i read this line 'Nano RPA operating below 50 feet above ground level in uncontrolled airspace & indoor operations So its given uncontrolled airspace & indoor operations so the '&' vs 'or" confusion exits What id I want to fly a Nano drone in an uncontrolled airspace in an outdoor environment will i require a permit for that If i need a permit for that it doesn't make sense It means i need to be using Nano drone indoors only Third question Is WPC ETA approval required for Nano Drones? If ETA approval which costs about Rs 10,000/- for one license is required to purchase Nano drones which cost anywhere between Rs 1500/- & Rs

8000/- the whole CAR doesn't make sense for common man like you and me I wont be Shelling Rs 10000/- to import a Nano drone worth Rs1500/- to Rs 8000/- It doesn't make sense Fourth question is I cant find Rules 15 A in the Aircraft Rules 1937 Rule 15A is meant to have details on fees required to apply for UIN and UAOP Another question is Will there be any authorized training center which would train remote pilots to operate the drones just like RTO approved driving schools for automobiles Next question is What about low cost self built drones Is self assessment possible? Drones are no Rocket Science today! You can build your own drone just like personal computers If i assemble my own drone and it falls under Nano or micro category what are the rules which i need to follow for that? Now please don't state DIY drones would be illegal in India Its my request to the govt

that they come up with a proper guideline for obtaining UIN and UAOP for the Do-it-Yourself drones So that students from engineering colleges and other who want to independently research on drones can build their own drones and learn new things It would further aid variety of researches Seventh question Would the restricted or dangerous areas be mapped on with the navigation providers map lists this feature is something which the govt should be working on wherein the drones would automatically detect dangerous areas and get into Return to home function once it detects these restricted and controlled air spaces Or may be the drone denies from starting if the user forces it to start in such areas Thats pretty much the questions that i had in my mind and I feel there should be some clarity from the Govt

on these questions So what do you think about this CAR draft Please use the comments section for your feedback Thank You!! Subscribe to my channel virooo and hit the bell notification icon to get the latest updates If you love the videos please don't forget to hit the like button and share them with your friends and also leave your Additionally you may also follow me on some of the major social media sites online of which links are mentioned in the description below

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